Oil markets are expected to stabilize in the coming months as decreases in investments by oil companies will produce a drop in supply, according to the chief executive of energy giant Chevron.
Chevron CEO John Watson said that oil prices are always the results of supply and demand. A global over-supply of oil pushed prices to collapse in mid-2014 from above $100 a barrel. On Tuesday, Brent crude futures traded around $43 a barrel.
As a result of cheap oil prices, investments were reduced from the industry, according to Watson. "We are in a resource sector that diminishes over time without capital. And new projects have been slowed down but also a lot of short-cycle investments. The shale oil developments in the United States, what we call infill drilling in the business, has slowed down dramatically. We're starting to see a supply reaction that will bring markets into better balance." Watson described this weekend's meeting in Doha between several OPEC and non-OPEC oil producing nations, where the idea of an output freeze is to be discussed, as an intangible that may affect oil prices in the near-term. "What will OPEC do and what will the other nations do and will there be some cooperation by those nations to reign in increases in supply or reduce supply that can affect prices," he said. And "Ultimately, it's going to come down to supply and demand and I think markets will come into better balance."
Watson also discussed the prospects for liquified natural gas (LNG). Chevron has an LNG plant in Australia to develop the Gorgon gas field. "The LNG business has been around a long time and it's entering a new level. It's maturing and we're in a place now where many projects are coming online," he said. "The planet is going to need energy going forward. LNG production is expected to double over the next 10 years."
Prices for natural gas have dropped in recent years. Year to date, the commodity's price has dropped 20%. Also, extracting LNG is an expensive undertaking. "LNG developments are multi-billion dollar developments and I don't think that will change but we can make them more productive than they have been," Watson said. "We can manage those expenses very well but there are going to be large capital costs that are going to be necessary because it takes money to liquefy natural gas, transport and re-gasify it in those developing areas."
April futures delivery on the New York market continued its downward trend. Some analysts say its due to an ongoing lack of storage for oil supplies. Although fears of running out of oil storage are unfounded, oil prices likely will remain "sloppy" over the coming months.
Regardless of the facts surrounding the United States and world oil storage situation, there is still potential risk for oil prices (and energy investors) over the next couple of months. There are still several risky and negative catalysts for short-term oil prices including: 1) the psychological fear of running out of global oil storage capacity while already sitting at all-time highs in US oil inventories; 2) the risk of a sanction removal agreement with Iran that eventually brings an additional 500,000 b/d or more of oil into the market; and 3) the risk of a rising US dollar driving oil prices lower.
Analysts said that the most noticeable example of any threat to storage is being played out at the Cushing, Okla., storage hub, where crude inventories have more than doubled over the past six months (from 20 million bbl to over 50 million bbl) and now sit near all-time highs.
The market fear is that if this oil inventory build rate continued at the same pace (2 million+ bbl/week [year-to-date]), then Cushing storage capacity of about 70 million bbl will fill in the next 2 months.
Cushing is not an isolated market, for the right price, there are many storage outlets for the roughly 250 million bbl of expected global oil inventory builds that must find a home in this yearís first half.
While global inventory data is delayed and often inaccurate, we see more than enough capacity through the combination of the entire [Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development] storage picture (crude plus refined products) and floating storage. While the OECD storage facts suggest the world has plenty of storage capacity this year, we still question whether the perception or fear of record-high US inventories will be enough to send oil prices lower in the coming months.
The New York Mercantile Exchange April crude oil contract fell $2.21 on Mar. 13 to $44.84/bbl Mar. 12. The May contract fell $2.07 to settle at $47.06/bbl. The natural gas contract for April was virtually unchanged at a rounded $2.73/MMbtu. The Henry Hub, La., gas price was $2.69/MMbtu, down 13¢. Heating oil for April dropped 6.6¢ to a rounded $1.71/gal. Reformulated gasoline stock for oxygenate blending for April delivery was down 4.7¢ to a rounded $1.76/gal. The April ICE contract for Brent crude oil lost $2.41, settling at $54.67/bbl, while the May contract lost $2.27 to $55.01/bbl. The ICE gas oil contract for April dropped $16 to $523.75/tonne. The average price for the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countriesí basket of 12 benchmark crudes on Mar. 13 was $51.66/bbl, falling $1.50.
United States President Barrack Hussein Obama has vetoed approval of the Keystone XL pipeline, keeping his promise to deny the project backed by Republicans as jobs measure but opposed by often controversial environmentalists who claim oil and gas consumption contributes to global warming.
"The presidential power to veto legislation is one I take seriously," Obama said in a statement to the Senate. The veto was the 3rd of his term, but will probably continues as he tries to subdue the Republican majority during the last 2 years of his presidency. The White House has already threatened 13 more veto threats.
It appears there are not enough votes to override Barack's veto. The bill passed the House 270-152 and the Senate 62-36, margins deficient of the 2/3 majorities needed to override. Regardless Senate leader Mitch McConnell schedueld a veto override vote by March 3.
The 1,179 mile pipeline would connect tar sands crude oil in Alberta Canada with an existing pipeline in Nebraska, allowing energy company TransCanada to pump 830,000 barrels a day to refineries in the Midwest and the Gulf Coast. The expected new jobs the pipeline would have created is estimated to be in the thousands.
The vote came down mostly along party lines, but also divided key Democratic congressional constituencies. Terry O'Sullivan, general president of the Laborers' International Union of North America, called the veto "disgustingly predictable."
Environmentalists celebrated with victory. "The pen was mightier than the pipeline," said Anna Aurilio of Environment America.
The Democrat party claims the environmental impacts of the pipeline project outweigh any economic benefits.
Under an executive order signed by President George W. Bush, the State Department is reviewing the proposal to determine whether it's in the national interest, although Obama can ultimately override the State Department's recommendation.
TransCanada first applied for permits to build the pipeline in 2008, and there's no indication of when the review will be finished. "It's an ongoing process that doesn't have a deadline," State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said this month. The company said in a statement it remains committed to the project and is working with the State Department to resolve environmental concerns.
Also, congressional Republicans have said they could attach a Keystone provision to future bills, in an effort to reach some kind of compromise that could either earn the president's signature or get enough votes to override his veto.
"The allure of appeasing environmental extremists may be too powerful for the president to ignore," wrote McConnell and House Speaker John Boehner in an op-ed in USA TODAY. "But the president is sadly mistaken if he thinks vetoing this bill will end this fight. Far from it. We are just getting started."
The oil and gas industry forecasts a sharp drop in drilling, both in the United States and gloablly as a result of downward crude oil prices. The projected oil price should reach $55.75 a barrel, with Brent at $58.80 / bbl. A Henry Hub natural gas price of $3.35/MMBtu is expected.
If crude oil prices remain below $50/bbl, there will be a dampening effect on oil-directed exploration and production (E&P) activity in regions of the world that are burdened with high break-even costs. Projects in the Arctic and other high-cost frontier areas, unfunded heavy oil projects in Canadaís oil sands, and low-margin shale plays in North America could be affected.
Given these factors and analysis the forecasts are:
U.S. drilling will drop over 9,000 wells in 2014.
U.S. footage will go down 20.9% to 315.1 million feet.
U.S. Gulf of Mexico E&P activity, particularly deepwater work, will continue at a lower level. If oil prices remain depressed for an extended period, fewer new projects will be sanctioned.
Canadian activity will drop 30% to 7,362 wells, from 10,513 wells in 2014.
Global drilling outside the U.S. will fall 6.8% to 52, 889 wells, from 56,725 wells in 2014.
Global offshore drilling will drop 8.8% to 3,060 wells, from 3,356 in 2014.
In the U.S., liquids-rich shale plays are expected to bear the brunt of low crude oil prices, because of high break-even costs. Texas will experience an overall 23.4% decrease in new well activity to 13,911 wells. Particularly hard-hit will be the Permian Basin of West Texas (Railroad Commission Districts 7C, 8 and 8A), as well as the Eagle Ford shale of South Texas (Railroad Commission Districts 1 and 2). Texas led the nation in oil production at the rate of 3.491 million barrels of oil per day (MMbopd) in November 2014. That figure may begin to fall in the latter part of 2015.
Including federal OCS (offshore) output, Louisiana produced 1.427 MMbopd in October 2014. World Oil expects the state to experience an overall 18.1% drop in the number of wells drilled to 902, although the southern portion, which is devoted primarily to conventional oil drilling, will hold up better.
North Dakota, which produced 1.217 MMbopd in November 2014, will suffer a 30% drilling cut to 1,663 wells, due to reduced activity in the oil-rich Bakken shale play. Oklahoma, which encompasses both conventional oil, and shale oil and gas production, is expected to suffer a 21% reduction in the number of wells drilled, to 2,708.
One of the few bright spots in the U.S. is Pennsylvania, which is the core of the giant, gas-rich, Marcellus shale play. World Oil estimates that gas-directed drilling in the state will actually increase 1.1% to 2,255 wells.
Internationally, E&P activity in Western Canada is being subjected to the same market forces as the U.S. Overall, Canadian drilling is set to drop 30%. Investment in Canadaís oil sands extraction industry is dropping, and shale operators in the Horn River and Montney shales are cutting back on drilling. The one bright spot is offshore, on the East Coast.
In response to declining production, Mexico is ending its monopoly and holding licensing rounds to encourage foreign investment. State oil company Pemex is expected to boost drilling 19.1%, to 593 wells. Throughout South America, drilling is expected to decline 1.2% during 2015, to 3,551 wells. A stand-out in the region is Colombia, which is producing about 1 MMbopd. In Western Europe, drilling activity is expected to reflect weakness in the economy, with an 11.8% decrease to just 480 wells, including declines in the U.K. and Norway.
Activity throughout Eastern Europe, including Russia, is expected to drop 2.7% to 8,281 wells. In Russia, there will be a 2% pullback in drilling to 6,867 new wells. In January 2015, Russian oil production rose to a post-Soviet record of 10.6 MMbopd, indicating the country has yet to feel the effects of sanctions imposed last year.
Due to relatively low lifting costs, oilfield activity will remain fairly robust in portions of Africa and the Middle East that are not adversely affected by internal strife or political activity. Africa, overall, will drill 10.7% fewer wells, or about 1,408, with the two largest oil producers, Angola and Nigeria, expecting reductions. With OPEC throwing down the gauntlet of not reducing production, drilling in the Middle East will drop for the first time in nearly a decade, falling 11.2% to 3,053 wells. However, activity in Saudi Arabia will remain nearly even, at 573 wells.
In South Asia, which includes India, the worldís fourth largest net importer of crude oil, drilling activity is expected to drop 7.4%, to 521 wells. In the neighboring Far East, drilling is expected to increase less than 1%, to 27,225 wells. The region is dominated by China, which is under pressure to reverse declining production from onshore fields and increase exploration activity offshore. In the South Pacific, Australia is on track to take over, from Qatar, the mantle of becoming the worldís leading liquefied natural gas (LNG) producer, despite struggling with rising project costs and high labor rates. About 84% of the regionís 285 wells will be in Australia.
Saudi Arabia's billionaire Prince Alwaleed bin Talal says that he does not expect to see $100 a barrel oil again. Currently, prices are less than $50 a barrel, and the Prince says these prices will last indefinitely.
He says current prices may dampen the United States shale revolution. As a matter of fact, a couple major rig operators have plans to cancel contracts, electing to pay early cancellation fees than to keep drilling at these prices.
As for political measures, the Prince says he doesn't believe the low oil prices have anything to do with Saudi Arabia and America strategizing to hurt Russia's president Vladimir Putin. The decision by Saudi Arabia not to cut oil production, in light of falling gas prices, was simply of keeping market share. Otherwise other oil producing countries like Venezuela, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and even Russia would have made up the difference.
Lastly, Alwaleed bin Talal said that $100 a barrel is really an artificially inflated price. He admitted if supply remains where it is, and demand increases, we may see a modest increase in oil prices, but he expects oil to remain relatively cheap for the foreseeable future.
Suppose the decrease in gas prices, which is making virtually everyone happy at the pump has a potential down side?
Who in America is not excited about cheap oil? However, just as the U.S. was set to obtain huge profits from its shale boom the Saudi Arabian led OPEC decided to flood the market with massive supply.
So who benefits from the price drop? As of now, it seems the only benefit is for the consumer. So why bother flooding the market? Saudi Arabia is taking an income cut on its primary source of revenue at a time when it's projecting a $39 billion deficit for 2015.
One theory is that Saudi Arabia and also the U.S. are conspiring to weaken the economies of both Russia and Iran. The motives make sense. With respect to Iran, Saudi Sunni and Iranian Shi'ite regimes have long hated each other, while America is perpetually concerned about Iranian nuclear unpredictability. On the Russian front, Saudis and Russians have been at each others throats over Saudi funding of Islamic terrorism in Russia's North Caucasus region and over Russia's defense of Assad in the interests of maintaining Russian oil interests and of curtailing Islamic terrorism. Meanwhile, the U.S. currently seems intent on squeezing Russia economically.
But as much sense as a U.S.-Saudi Arabia conspiracy theory might make, there are some significant problems with it. The U.S. chose Russia as a partner over Saudi Arabia and Qatar when faced with that choice in Syria last year. There are no shared ideological interests between the U.S. and Saudi Arabia ó aside from mutual cooperation in combating the Islamic State, which both countries had a role in creating. The Saudis couldn't possibly manage to weaken the Russian economy to the point that Putin would abandon Assad and bail on Russia's associated economic interests in the region nor would America want that at a time when Assad's forces are now fighting against a common Islamic State enemy. Moreover, Russian and Saudi ministers met in Moscow in November to discuss cooperating on oil to better manage their respective economic interests. That last fact alone flies in the face of any Saudi-U.S oil price conspiracy theory.
An arguably more plausible theory is that if any nation is colluding with Saudi Arabia, it's China, the top global net importer of petroleum products and the country that's most benefiting from the bargain prices at the pump these days. China is also the only player that couldn't care less about oil revenues. Sitting in 49th place in the world for crude exports, China relies on manufacturing for its revenues. Unlike everyone else in this game, when China lays an oil pipeline in a foreign country, it's not for profit it's just a massive straw delivering the milkshake to the insatiable masses back home.
During the China-Arab Cooperation Forum in Beijing over the summer, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi wrote that, "China and Arab states are working together to build the economic belt and the maritime silk road to revive the modern-day silk road. This will open a door to new opportunities for China-Arab relations."
Saudi Arabia is already China's top oil supplier, and China doesn't care about its partners' ideological preferences. It's a match made in heaven.
If the Saudis and Chinese are wheeling and dealing on oil prices for rewards to be specified later, then Russia, North America and Europe will eventually all end up sobbing into their alcoholic beverages of preference as their liquid gold drops in value.
And while the customers may enjoy the price break now, government and industry oil-revenue loss will come back to bite us in the form of job losses and fiscal cutbacks requiring even more U.S. debt to be bought up by its primary holder: China.
The plummeting price of oil is the biggest energy story in the world right now. The results are cheap gasoline for the United States while not as good news for mostly oil producing economies like Russia and Venezuela.
In June, the price of Brent crude was up around $115 per barrel, by mid-December, it had fallen nearly in half, down to $59 per barrel.
For much of the past decade, oil prices were high — bouncing around $100 per barrel since 2010 —because of soaring oil consumption in countries like China and conflicts in key oil nations like Libya. Oil production couldn't keep up with demand, so prices spiked.
BY 2014, OIL SUPPLY WAS MUCH HIGHER THAN DEMAND
But beneath the surface, many of those dynamics were rapidly shifting. High prices spurred companies in America and Canada to drill for new, hard-to-extract crude in North Dakota's shale formations and Alberta's oil sands. At the same time, demand for oil in places like Europe, Asia, and the US began tapering off, thanks to weakening economies and new efficiency measures. Not only that, the conflict in Libya was slowly easing.
By late 2014, the world’s oil supply was on pace to surpass demand, and by September prices started falling sharply.
As prices fell, many experts waited to see what OPEC would do. OPEN is the largest oil cartel in the world. Would they reduce production to prop prices up (as many OPEC nations like Saudi Arabia and Iran need higher prices to balance budgets)? However at the November conference OPEC did nothing. Saudi Arabia wanted to retain market share. As a result oil prices went into free-fall.
Lower prices are good news for consumers, especially in Japan and the United States. Contrast for some countries, it’s bad news for nations like Russia and Venezuela who are more reliant on oil sales.
This led to a boom in "tight oil" production. The US alone has added about four million new barrels of crude oil per day to the global market since 2008.
Up until very recently, however, that US oil boom had surprisingly little effect on global prices. That's because, at the exact same time, geopolitical conflicts were flaring up in key oil regions. There was a civil war in Libya. Iraq was a mess. The US and EU slapped oil sanctions on Iran and pinched its oil exports. Those conflicts took more than 3 million barrels per day off the market:
Even more significantly, oil demand in Asia and Europe are weakening — particularly thanks to slowdowns in China’s and Germany’s economies. More broadly, oil demand has been stagnating around the world. The United States, once the world's biggest oil consumer, saw big cutbacks in industrial oil use after the recession, while gasoline consumption has flatlined as fuel-efficient cars became more widespread. At the same time, countries like Indonesia and Iran have been cutting back on fuel subsidies.
That brings us to OPEC, a collection of oil-producing nations that pumps out about 40% of the world's oil. In the past, this cartel has tried to influence the price of oil by coordinating with other members.
At the meeting in Vienna on November 27, there was much intense debate among OPEC members about how best to respond to the drop in oil prices. Some countries, like Venezuela and Iran, wanted the cartel (mainly Saudi Arabia) to cut back on production in order to prop up the price. These countries need high prices in order to "break even" on their budgets and pay for all the government spending they've racked up:
On the other side of the debate was Saudi Arabia, the world's largest oil producer, which was opposed to cutting production and willing to let prices keep dropping.
SAUDI ARABIA IN FAVOR OF LETTING PRICES CONTINUE TO FALL
"We will produce 30 million barrels a day for the next 6 months, and we will watch to see how the market behaves," said OPEC Secretary-General Abdalla El-Badri at the November meeting..
As of now it’s fair to say that OPEC is engaged in a "price war" with the United States. This could result in it being more expensive to extract shale oil from formations in places like Texas and North Dakota. So Saudi Arabia and others are betting that as long as the price of oil keeps falling, some US producers may become unprofitable and may go out of business, and thus the price of oil will stabilize.
A big question: Will low oil prices kill the US shale boom?
Nobody quite knows the answer to this question. How low prices need to go to rein in the US oil boom? Analysts often focus on a metric called the "breakeven price" for oil-drilling projects. This is in light of the U.S. Energy Information Administration that expects overall U.S. oil production to grow another 700,000 barrels per day.
The city best known for Rocky, cheddar steaks and sharp-elbowed games fans is creating another notoriety as an issue of oil and gas transportation, which looks good for its economy.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is experiencing a transformation fueled by the United States' oil and gas renaissance, which itself is rivaling Saudi Arabia in production. Restored ventures and movement in the area's sprawling railroad track system and maturing base is transforming the City of Brotherly Love into a potential vitality center that some expect to equal Houston, Texas.
Economic experts refer to two main considerations working to support Philly: its location to the blasting Marcellus Shale, where 5,400 shale wells produced about 2 trillion cubic feet of regular gas amid the initial six months of the year; and the city's clamoring business railroad framework, which has made it a travel point for oil being transported from North Dakota's Bakken shaping.
Along the Northeast hallway, "there are possibly six circulation pipeline recommendations for common gas," said V. Devito, a local regulator exper. "A great deal is proposed for fares and the speediest and most effortless path is through Philadelphia's base."
Devito, a previous Department of Energy official, said the city is now a draw for gas and economic vitality "that like to be near the pipeline for simple access," he said. "Philly is in a blessed spot on the ground that they are a piece of the Northeast hallway, there's a ton of business and astounding open doors for business and monetary improvement."
As of late, Philadelphia's profile in the economic segment got extensive support from Sunoco Logistics Partners, a pipeline speculation vehicle that published it would develop a $2.5 billion pipeline from the Marcellus into Philly. The new pipeline will supplement a current gas conduit that may trek the area's regular gas transport by fourfold.
With the U.S. on the verge of fossil fuel wealth, Sunoco and different organizations are directing billions into pipeline speculation the nation over. As nearby rail organizations like Monroe Energy arrange for expanded access to Bakken through Philadelphia is one of a few areas that stands to profit from the onrushing of oil and gas.
"Philly has the physical framework, land and access to fare markets, or you can transport [natural gas] to different markets in the U.S." said A. Karpf, a portfolio director, which has $24 billion in resources under administration.
The new Houston?
Once its up and running, Sunoco Limited's pipeline will pipe about 300,000 barrels for every day of common gas fluids (NGL) to Philadelphia's Marcus Hook Industrial Complex.
The city is not what most would ordinarily consider an economic vitality center point. Generally, oil and gas generation has occurred in areas further south, in the same way as Houston and New Orleans, Louisiana.
In any case, America's economy has overturned a number of those presumptions, changing improbable urban areas into center points of fossil fuel generation. Consolidated with a set of refineries that are generally retrofitted for natural gas purposes, Philadelphia could in the end rival vitality powerhouses in Texas and Louisiana, some watchers say.
"Houston is not as near the interest as Philadelphia may be at the moment. The East Coast has a stunning engine of interest," said M. Krancer.
The city's 8.4 percent unemployment rate is well over the nation's normal, and even above Pennsylvania's. Large portions of the urban areas that are ground zero for shale generation have seen jobless rates dive. Thus, business watchers are sensibly hopeful that Philly can see a portion of the same improvements other oil and gas delivering districts have encountered through the shale boom.
Advancement in the district can help stem a channel of experts out of the territory, Krancer included.
"The potential is considerably more noteworthy than Houston," he said. "The parts of the area that are profiting the most from this are the parts of the region that have been financially tested for an era or two."
The trend toward relying more and more on natural gas has increased over the years in the United States. Usage in the U.S. is on target to hit 32 trillion cubic feet by year 2040, according to the U.S. Energy Information Association.
While investing in natural gas may seem like a sure thing, there are ways to maximize your success. Here are a few things to consider when investing in natural gas.
The Decline of Coal
Government legislation increasingly has negatively affected the coal industry, thus making natural gas more attractive. The EIA projects 60 gigawatts of coal-fired power plant capacity will be retired by 2020. That's a nearly 20% reduction from the 310 gigawatt production of 2012. If this downward trend continues, it could result in gas being a great bet. Watch the coal market carefully.
The U.S. has plenty of natural gas reserves. However it depends on the political climate whether or not they will be tapped. But if so, natural gas becomes a very attractive investment option.
Mild winters have a great effect on the price of natural gas. Global warming aside, if there's a particularly moderate winter, your short-term gains could be affected. Weather as a short term factor should be part of your decision-making.
Like any commodity: gold, silver, oil, etc., volatility is a built-in reality when it comes to gas. Make sure to understand this and consider that any investment you make falls in line with your risk tolerance.
The Complexity of Natural Gas Futures
With many opportunities to invest in natural gas, don't be influenced by potential returns betting on futures. This is a highly speculative market and things can change in an instant. Make sure you have the stomach and deep reserves for extreme losses in the event you decide to invest in futures.
Know All Your Options
There are a variety of investing options at your disposal: exchange-traded funds, distribution companies, futures, etc. While options abound, make sure you do your due diligence and research to ensure your money is in the best investment for you.
You can never predict the markets. Many see potential for tremendous gain in the gas market. Be sure you have the risk tolerance before you jump all in.
Oil and gas operators can reduce the costs of constructing, drilling and completing unconventional wells, as well as the overall time it takes to complete them, by up to 40% through better planning and management of logistics, contractors and materials, according to an oil industry report.
For high performers, on a $6.5 million well, this could result in a reduction of $1.3 million to $2.6 million in costs. These cost savings can be acheived by adopting a more integrated planning process, better management of service contractors, and improved logistics and materials management for fresh and reused water, and installed equipment.
This approach can also reduce the time to deliver an average unconventional well by up to 40%. In one example, this meant an estimated reduction of up to 170 days, taking the overall cycle-time down from 464 days to 254 days.
Achieving high performance in unconventional operations: Integrated planning, services, logistics and materials management is based on a survey of leading operators across multiple basins and in-depth interviews..
With Eagle Ford shale as a model, the study found that while operators in the top quartile spend about $6 million per well, some struggled to deliver wells for twice that amount.
To generate the maximum savings and efficiencies, operators need to carefully balance their investments in technology, continuous improvement and people, and in the low-margin environment of unconventionals. For example, some trade-offs will need to be made, like considering if investments in new rig technology are a better decision than offering incentives to service providers to ensure crew consistency.
The report covers several planning and management issues and ways operators can improve performance, including:
Integrated Planning – with hundreds or thousands of wells in a single field and production forecasts largely driven by drilling new wells, the lack of an integrated planning approach in unconventional operations can lead to missed production targets and capital overruns. To avoid this, operators will need to apply planning tools, simplify planning schedules, break down organizational silos and integrate service providers into the planning process.
Logistics Management – At 5 million gallons and 1,000 truck movements per well, efficient water use and movements continue to provide a competitive advantage in unconventional operations. But there’s also an opportunity to improve non-water movements such as aggregates. Also important is to make the best use of rail, road and pipeline transport to select the most optimal locations for permanent and temporary storage.
Management of Drilling and Other Service Contractors – Unconventional development is characterized by a large number of service providers and a large number of handovers on site. Operators will need to ensure better collaboration between contractors and apply strict financial controls and management to meet risk, commercial and operational requirements.
Materials Management – Given the number of wells on a multi-well pad and 24-hour crews, an unconventional operation requires a much higher volume of materials than a conventional one. The management of these materials needs to be efficient and agile to ensure timely delivery in order to minimize downtime; avoid tying up working capital; and racking up needless storage expenses.
Research suggests that large independent operators are in the best position to implement these improvements, as they tend to have a trade-off mind-set when it comes to investments in technology, continuous improvement, and people.
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Oil Markets to Stabilize
Oil markets are expected to stabilize in the coming months as decreases in investments by oil companies will produce a drop in supply, according to the chief executive of energy giant Chevron.Chevron CEO John Watson said that oil prices... read more
Crude oil futures prices continue to drop due to storage
April futures delivery on the New York market continued its downward trend. Some analysts say its due to an ongoing lack of storage for oil supplies. Although fears of running out of oil storage are unfounded, oil prices likely will... read more
Obama vetos approval of Keystone XL pipeline
United States President Barrack Hussein Obama has vetoed approval of the Keystone XL pipeline, keeping his promise to deny the project backed by Republicans as jobs measure but opposed by often controversial environmentalists who claim oil and gas consumption contributes... read more